::Departments : Para Clinical : Pathology

Category - Medical

Short History of the Department

       The Institute of Pathology is 81 years young and has the wisdom and experience of the old and the energy, enthusiasm and vigor of the young. The Institute was founded in 1934 and was then known as ‘Goschen Institute of Pathology’ and the old timers fondly remember the block that houses the Institute as ‘Goshen Block’. The institute had been named after George Joachim Goschen, II Viscount, who was Governor of Madras from 1924 – 1929 & was the Viceroy of India from 1929 – 1931. The institute was declared open on a Monday on March 26-th, 1934 by His Excellency Sir George Fredrick Stanley on whose name the then Royapuram Medical School stands now as ‘Government Stanley Medical College’. Until then Physicians handled pathology lectures and the academic Pathologists were in charge of patient care and the work in speciality departments was interchangeable. It was only in the year 1936, after the opening of the new Goschen block, the first chair for the speciality was created and Prof.Srinivasulu Naidu became the first HOD of Department of Pathology.
The departments of Medical Jurisprudence and the Pathology functioned together for a short while and later became separate departments when Prof.Srinivasulu Naidu opted to become the HOD of Forensic Medicine and Dr.T.S.Thirumurthy succeeded him as HOD of Pathology Department.
Initially postgraduates of both Pathology and Microbiology were trained in this Institute under the auspices of Madras University, which included M.Sc.Degrees too. It was only in 1966, an exclusive  M.D.Pathology degree was instituted in the Department under the instruction of Medical Council of India and a separate postgraduate course has created in Forensic medicine (Medical Jurisprudence) in the year 1974. The institute was upgraded in 1980 and the first chair was designated and upgraded as ‘Director of Institute of Pathology’. Prof.S.Arumugam became the first Director of this institute in 1980 and has been succeeded by seventeen directors so far.
 
In 1973, the Government sanctioned Electron Microscopy (EM) Laboratory to Government General Hospital and this was allotted to Institute of Pathology in 1978. Scanning electron Microscopy and other sophisticated equipments were added to EM laboratory in 1985. The Institute of Pathology as it stands now provides diagnostic health care to lakhs of patients every year and undertakes teaching to thousands of students every year.
Pathology laboratories headed by the rank of Professors, also function at affiliated institutes such as Institute of Child health, Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Government Kasturba Gandhi hospital, Regional ,Institute of Ophthalmology and  Institute of Neurology to provide comprehensive and easily accessible healthcare to patients.
The museum of Institute of Pathology holds 1017 specimens. The specimens include neoplastic & nonneoplastic lesions of all organs & tissues and provide excellent learning opportunities for both undergraduates & postgraduates. The specimens are constantly restored, replaced and new specimens are added every year. A rare case is displayed routinely as ‘specimen of the week’ in the institute of Pathology along with description of the lesion and histopathology photographs. Museum exhibits on specific organs are routinely conducted at regular intervals
Faculty details:
 
Designation Number
Director& Professor 1
Professor/Associate 5
Assistant Professor 5
Tutor 8
 
Academic activities
Type of course:  Medical

 

Name of the courses offered

1. M.D (Pathology)

Eligibility : MBBS
Course duration                             : 3 Years
Sanctioned number of seats            : 10
Affiliated University
(if applicable)                               
: The TN Dr.MGR Medical  University
Selection Procedure                       : State/ All India PG Entrance Examination
University Examination details : MD (Pathology) Theory Examination
Paper I–General Medical and Surgical Pathology
Paper II – General Pathology
Paper III – Systemic Pathology
Paper IV – Immunopathology, Haematology, Advances in Lab services
    MD (Pathology) Practical
Day-1
FN- Clinical Pathology
AN- Grossing
Haematology and Cytology Slides
Day-2
FN- Histopathology Slides
OSPE- 10 stations
AN- Viva, Log Book, Dissertation

DCP

Eligibility : MBBS
Course duration                             : 2 Years
Sanctioned number of seats            : 8
Affiliated University
(if applicable)                               
: The TN Dr.MGR Medical  University
Selection Procedure                       : State/ All India PG Entrance Examination
    DCP (Theory)
Paper-I: General Pathology and Systemic Pathology
Paper-II: Microbiology and Biochemistry
Paper-III: Clinical Pathology, Haematology, Cytology
    DCP (Practical)
Day-1
Histopathology, Cytology, Haematology slides
Grossing
Microbiology
Day-2
Clinical Pathology, Biochemistry, Microbiology
Log Book, Viva

Other Courses

Pathology theory & practical classes are conducted for II MBBS, BDS, MDS, B.Sc (N), DMLT, BPT, DMRSC, Dental Hygiene Prosthetics and Orthodontics.
 

Periodic academic activities held in the department

PG (M.D & DCP) Programme:
 
Slide test : Weekly once
Slide discussion : Weekly once
Institutional activities work review : Weekly once     
Short topic

 
  Weekly once                                
Journal club
Autopsy discussion /
Grossing test
: Once in two weeks
 
            
                            
                        MBBS ACADEMIC SCHEDULE
 
 
 
            DAY
  MBBS–III SEMESTER  MBBS – IV SEMESTER   MBBS – V SEMESTER
1.30-2.30 2.30-3.30 3.30-4.30 1.30-2.30 2.30-3.30 3.30-4.30 1.30-2.30 2.30-3.30 3.30-4.30
MONDAY      Practicals  
  Theory
    Practicals      
   B  A   B A
TUESDAY Theory
 
Theory
 
 
 
 
Theory
 
            Theory
WEDNESDAY     Theory (rotation)      
THURSDAY   Theory     Theory  
FRIDAY   Theory   Theory     Practicals
     B    A
SATURDAY           Theory
(rotation)
 
 
 
 
       ACADEMIC SCHEDULE FOR OTHER COURSES
(IIBDS, DMLT, BPT, B.Sc Nursing, DMRSC, Dental Hygiene)
                                  
 
DAY 11-12pm 12-1pm 1.30-2.30pm 2.30-3.30pm
MONDAY II BDS – Theory
BPT - Theory
II BDS - Practical I DMLT – Theory II DMLT - Theory
 TUESDAY DMRSC - Theory Dental Hygiene - Theory -- --
         WEDNESDAY II BDS – Theory
BPT - Theory
B sc – Nursing - Theory I DMLT- Practical
 
II DMLT–Practical
THURSDAY -- -- -- --
FRIDAY   MDS – Theory
B sc – Nursing - Theory
 
I DMLT – Theory II DMLT- Theory
 
 
 
Research and Publications (National and International - for the past 5 years / year wise):
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS BY MEMBERS OF STAFF
 
 
S.No. TOPIC & JOURNAL NAME DESIGNATION
 
1
Journal of Clinical Oncology: 29(1);
3-5,2011
Dr.P.Karkuzhali Director
      2 Ind Journal of Dermatology 2009; 54: s 16 – s 18 Dr. P.Karkuzhali Director
     
     3
Leiomyosarcoma of urinary bladder – A case report – Sep-Oct 2012 – Vol.2 Number – 7,S. No. 14 Dr.P.Karkuzhali & Dr.S.Tharageswari Director
  
     4
Malignant triton tumour of Brachial plexus – Sep – Oct 2012 – Vol.2 Number – 7, S.No. 15 Dr.P.Karkuzhali  & Dr.P.Yogambal Director
 
     5 
Solitary fibrous tumour of lung mimicking as lung metastasis in a known case of Wilms tumour – a case report - Nov- Dec 2012 – Vol.2 Number – 8 Dr.P.Karkuzhali  & Dr.S.Selvi Director
 
      6
 
Inflammatory Pseudotumour (IMT) of Bladder – a case report - Nov- Dec 2012 – Vol.2 Number – 8 Dr.P.Karkuzhali  & Dr.S.Suryalakshmi Director
 
     7
 
Chondrosarcoma Skull Base Med EJ. Vol. I Dr.Shantha Ravisankar Professor
 
     8
Giant Neurocysticercosis mimicking Glioma, Med EJ 2011 Vol. I Dr.Shantha Ravisankar Professor
 
    9
Early detection  of Cancer cervix – IMA – Journal – Nov 2011 Vol. 109 – 111 Page 838 Dr.M.P.Kanchana Professor
 

CURRENT ON GOING RESEARCH WORK
 
 
S.No               TOPIC       GUIDE    POSTGRADUATE
  1.  
Expression and prognostic significance of EGFR,P53 and HER2NEU in gastric carcinoma Prof.P.Karkuzhali   Dr.Tarageswari
  1.  
Evaluation of P53,hoxd10 and E-cadherin status in breast cancer and correlation with glands Prof.P.Karkuzhali Dr.Preethi
  1.  
Clinicopathological and IHC study of precursor lesions of carcinoma of breast
 
Prof.P.Karkuzhali Dr.Aja
  1.  
Clinicopathological & IHC profile of myxoid soft tissue tumours
 
Prof.P.Karkuzhali Dr.Karthik
  1.  
Incidence of papillary neoplasm of nervous system in a tertiary care hospital. Role of immunohistochemistry in their differential diagnosis and classification
 
Prof.Shantha Ravishankar Dr.Yogambal
  1.  
Clinicopathological study of gliosis and glioma with p53 and bcl2 IHC Prof.Shantha Ravishankar Dr.Anushuya
  1.  
A histopathological study of polyps and polypoidal lesions of gastrointestinal tract with special reference to colonic neoplastic polyps Prof. Geetha Dr.Shanthi
  1.  
Clinicopathological &IHC profile of Hodgkin’s lymphoma
 
Prof. Geetha Dr.Geetha
  1.  
Clinicopathological and IHC profile of malignant surface epithelial ovarian tumours Prof. Kanchana Dr. Kuzhalmozhi
  1.  
Clinicopathological significance of C-KIT expression in germ cell tumours of ovary with special reference to dysgerminoma Prof. Kanchana Dr.Mahalakshmi
  1.  
Clinicopathological &IHC profile of endocervical adenocarcinoma
 
Prof. Kanchana Dr.Babiya infant
  1. .
Clinicopathological spectrum of Renal allograft dysfunction Prof.Rajavelu Indira Dr.Dhanalakshmi
  1.  
Premalignant and malignant epithelial lesions in oral cavity & oropharynx -a clinicopathological and IHC profile Prof.Rajavelu Indira Dr.Prathipa
  1.  
Comparative analysis of VIA,VILI,conventional PAP and liquid prep with biopsy as gold standard Prof. Rama Dr.Anitharani
  1.  
Clinicopathological and Immunhistochemical profile of Endometrial hyperplasia and Carcinoma Prof. Rama Dr.Amudhavalli
  1.  
Immunopheonotypic study of pediatric extra nodal gastrointestinal lymphoma Prof. Chithra Dr.Selvi
  1.  
Detection of micromarkers in histologically negative lymphnodes of gastro intestinal tract carcinoma by IHC & its prognostic significance Prof. Chithra Dr.Sai sreedevi
  1.  
Role of micro vessel density and HER 2 neu  in prognostication of Bladder carcinoma Prof. Sudha Dr.Suryalakshmi
  1.  
Study of expression of catenin and CDX2 by IHC in colorectal cancer and their clinical correlation Prof. Sudha Dr.Jansi Prema
  1.  
Assessment of micro vessel density (angiogenesis) and its correlation with hormonal status of carcinoma breast Dr. Gunasundari Dr. Vijayabaskar
 
 

Prizes and Award constituted by the Department

II MBBS Medal & Prizes: George Smith Prize Gold Medal         & Dr.D Govinda Reddy Gold Medal
Institute Day Awards:
Institute Oration & Honoring: One or two senior pathologists / Clinicians
Eminent teacher awards: To 5 – 10 senior pathologists annually
Life time achievement award: To 5 – 10 senior pathologists annually
Life Time Service Honored: To 5 – 10 Senior technicians
Conference (Tamilnadu and Pondicherry Chapter of IAPM Conference - TAPCON) / CME awards; For Best oral paper, poster / Quiz competitions – Winner & Runner- ups
 

CMEs’, Workshops / conferences conducted by the department (past 5 years / year wise)

Workshops / conferences
 
 
DATE                        PROGRAMME                PLACE
Jan 2008 CME on Surgical Pathology Madras Medical College
Seminar hall.
12-7-2008 Institute day - Orations Madras Medical College
Seminar hall.
Jan 2009 CME on Head & Neck Pathology Madras Medical College
Seminar hall.
July 2009 Institute day Platinum Jubilee -
CME on Hematopathology
Madras Medical College
Seminar hall.
10-4-2010 CME on Dermatopathology Madras Medical College Seminar hall.
7 & 8-7-2010 Institute day CME on Immunoflorescence &
Work shop on microscopy
Madras Medical College
Seminar hall.
7-7-2011 Institute day CME on Bone & Soft tissue Pathology Madras Medical College
Seminar hall.
29-12-2011 CME on Gastrointestinal Pathology Madras Medical College
Seminar hall.
 
23-8-2012
 
Institute day CME on Uropathology
 
Madras Medical College
Seminar hall.
20-10-2012 CME on Liver Pathology Madras Medical College
Seminar hall.
2013 Institute Day CME- Madras Medical College,Seminar Hall
2014 Institute Day CME MAdras Medical College,Seminar Hall
2015-August Institute Day CME-Recent Updates in Pathology Madras Medcial College,Seminar Hall
2015-March CME - Cytopathology Madras Medical College, Seminar Hall
2016-May Institute Day CME-Surgical Pathology Madras Medical College, Seminar Hall
 
 

Services Offered

No of units in the department

  1. Histopathology
  2. Cytology
Clinical Pathology (24 hours lab) - 8.00 to 2.00pm all days common sample collection for pathology, Microbiology, Biochemistry.
 

O.P Days & Timings – Not Applicable

I.P Unit & Admission day (Unit wise)
Bed Strength of Department
Average O.P
Average I.P
Type of Surgeries performed (for Surgical departments)
 

Special Clinics conducted by the Department- Not Applicable

List of Laboratory tests performed (for Laboratory attached departments)

  1. Histopathology
  2. Immunohistochemistry
  3. FNAC
  4. Fluid cytology
  5. Cell block
  6. Complete Hemogram
  7. ESR
  8. PCV
  9. Hb estimation Cyanmethhemoglobin – Calorometric method
  10. Peripheral smear &Bone Marrow Study
  11. QBC
  12. Cytohistochemistry (PAS, Sudan Black, NSE & MPO)
  13. Coagulation Profile (BT, CT,PT, APTT &INR)
  14. Absolute eosinophil count
  15. Reticulocyte count
  16. Fluid cell count
  17. Urine analysis
  18. Semen Analysis
  19. Motion Examination
  20. Special Stains (PAS, Reticulin, Perls, GMS, Congo Red & others)

Average laboratory statistics (average tests conducted / annum)

  1. Biopsy                     :     9950
  2. Cytology                
    1. FNAC                   :     6524
    2. Fluid                    :     3550
  3. Clinical Pathology       :     913714

Museum

No. of Mounted Specimens       :      1017
The specimens include neoplastic & non neoplastic lesions of all organs & tissues and provide excellent learning opportunities for both undergraduates & Postgraduates. The specimens are constantly restored, replaced and new specimens are added every year. A rare case is displayed routinely as ‘specimen of the week’ in the Institute of Pathology along with description of the lesion and histopathology photographs. Weekly quiz corner is conducted on both specimens & histopathology slides and prizes are given. Museum exhibits on specific organs are routinely conducted at regular intervals ( Average of 2 – 4 per annum)
Museum Exhibits: January 2012 – Bone Pathology
                                     July 2012 –      Lung Pathology 
 

Department Library Details

S.
No
Department Name Number of Books Year
  1.  
Pathology 620 2008
  629 2009
634 2010
639 2011
639 2012
 
             
 
    FIRST YEAR MD- JOINED ON 2016
 
S.NO NAME
1. Dr. Balamurugan
2. Dr.Christy D Ramya
3. Dr.Keerthy Aberna
4. Dr.Mohana Priya
5. Dr.Muthu Prabha
6. Dr. Preetha
7. Dr.Ramesh
8. Dr.Ritu Porna
9. Dr.Selvam
10. Dr.Shobana
 
 

SECOND YEAR M.D – JOINED ON 2015

 
S.NO NAME
1. Dr.Hemalatha
2. Dr.Kavitha
3. Dr.Kiruthika
4. Dr.Kokila
5. Dr.Manibarathi
6. Dr.Sneha Suresh
7. Dr.Suganthi
8. Dr.Suganya
9. Dr.Veera Raghavan
10. Dr.Vincy
 
 
FINAL YEAR M.D- JOINED ON 2014
 
S.NO NAME
1. Dr.B.Abirami
2. Dr.M.Dougul Regis
3. Dr.Gokula Kannan
4. Dr.S.R. Jayakarthiga
5. Dr.Kavipriya.H
6. Dr.Kavipriya.R
7. Dr.Lavanya
8. Dr.Ramesh Babu
9. Dr.Shenbagam
10. Dr.Vallabi
 
 
FIRST YEAR DCP -JOINED ON 2016
 
S.NO NAME
1. Dr.Johnsi Rani
2. Dr.Jonathan Joseph
3. Dr. Monica
4. Dr.Muneeswara Manikandan
5. Dr.Parthasarathy
6. Dr.Sathya
7. Dr.Shanthini
8. Dr.Sindhuja
 
 
II YEAR DCP-JOINED ON 2015
 
S.NO NAME
1. Dr.Anand
2. Dr.Arryhara Nathan
3. Dr.Barathi
4. Dr.Bhuvaneshwari
5. Dr.Jayanthi
6. Dr.Kavitha Subramaniyam
7. Dr.Saranya
8. Dr.Srivedhika
 
 


 
CME CONDUCTED ON 2016
 
7.5.2016  -   INSTITUTE DAY CME ON SURGICAL PATHOLOGY
14.10.2016- INTERNATIONAL CME ON UPDATE IN SURGICAL PATHOLOGY 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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